Volume Zero “Little Big Loo” Design Competition

Summer 2020

Tibra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Partner: Jacob Smiley


Open defecation is an issue that continues to profoundly affect India, while other countries of comparable economic standing have shifted towards more ecologically and socially acceptable standards.

This project proposes an overhaul of village sanitation infrastructure to create a system respectful of Hindu spiritual practices while fostering clean, sustainable, and respectable waste disposal. This is achieved through the construction of composting silos capable of holding one year’s worth of solid waste and carbon supplements in addition to modular scalable restrooms capable of servicing individual households or an entire village through aggregation. This new system allows for the management of waste in such a manner that it is not touched by a person until it has fully composted into fertile soil to be distributed through outlying farmland.

My roles on the project included researching, collaborating on the nature of the intervention, and designing the form of the composting silos.